ELASTIC ENGINEERING OF NEW MILLENNIUM
Tore Technologies is a new chapter in engineering, namely the elastic engineering, which is similar to such natural process as peristalsis characterized by coordinated, highly efficient work of various muscles of a digestive organ of a living organism.
Tore Technologies based devices were probably in use even in the ancient times. The elements of Egyptian pyramids could be moved with Tore Technologies methods.
Tore Technologies are based on the usage of reversing supply, elastic toroidal shells available as degenerated tore, which can be shaped as a variety of modifications like hose turned inside out, cylindrical, co-axial, with knurled tube tore etc. The internal tore cavity can be filled with flowing medium. Tore can "operate" separately and/or in combination with a central body, internal and/or external peripheral bodies (Fig.1,2).
Besides it is possible to integrate electronic components on the surface or into the structure of the material shell to provide the control over the tore mechanism (elastic functional and/or integrated electronics).
As the result of external forces applied to its outside surface or central part as well as internal excessive pressure in its cavity or the force of gravity, tore:
Elastic engenering allows to create quite original designs of such basic units of machines and mechanisms as: cylinder-piston, plunger stuffing-box seal, spring, damper, drive of a working member or machine, locking unit on a pipeline, controlling unit in pneumo- and hydro-systems, suction valve - pressure valve, pneumo- and hydro-distributor and switch, power converter, transporting unit, automatic controller of pressure, level, flow and so on, filtering unit and so on.
- moves and rolls on a rigid or elastic coupled surface, flowing around its deformed parts and foreign inclusions;
- self-seals over a closed contact surface enveloping it;
- produces little specific pressure on a bearing surface and high damping effect;
- produces pulling efforts;
- produces an impact effect;
- converts various types of motion, e.g. progressive motion into rotary one;
- grasps and pulls an object under controlled force of enveloping and fixing;
- pushes out an object embedded into it at controlled expulsion velocity and the height of fall;
- holds an object embedded into it;
- changes its initial form allowing the transformation of its contour (appearance) and fixing a new equilibrium form eliminating any ССbreaksТТ at the bending points;
- provides a hinged swing of at least one free end etc.
Fig.1. Examples of various construction elements based on tore:
a) cylindrical hose (hose, tube and a method of making a tore out of a hose);
b)cylindrical tore: 1 - throat (funnel) - a bell forming the end of the string of the tore, 2 - valve, 3 - cavity of the tore, 4 - string of the tore, 5 - throat forming the beginning of the string of the tore;
c) hose turned inside out (half-tore): 1 - system for flowing medium inlet and outlet, 2 - hermetical chamber, 3 - hose, 4 - drum driven
The end of unturned part of the hose is wound up on the drum;
d) conical tore: when flowing medium is fed under pressure through the valve, the conical tore is turned inside out in direction from minor diameter d to major one D.
Fig.2. Tore in conjunction with central and peripheral bodies:
a) 1 - central body (the velocity of the central body is twice as large as that of the tore relative to bearing surface - tube), 2 - external peripheral body located outside the cavity of the tore - bearing surface (tube)
b) 1 - tore, 2 - internal peripheral body, e. g. reversed mechanisms located within the cavity of the tore.